The Singapore Convention on Mediation (the “Singapore Convention” or “Convention”) is a uniform and efficient framework for international settlement agreements resulting from mediation. It applies to international settlement agreements resulting from mediation, concluded by parties to resolve a commercial dispute.
The Singapore Convention will facilitate international trade and commerce by enabling disputing parties to easily enforce and invoke settlement agreements across borders. Businesses will benefit from mediation as an additional dispute resolution option to litigation and arbitration in settling cross-border disputes.
For more details, please view The Convention Text.
UNCITRAL Working Group II that developed the Singapore Convention on Mediation
- In December 2018, the United Nations General Assembly adopted, by consensus, the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, recommended that the Convention be known as the “Singapore Convention on Mediation”, and authorised the signing ceremony of the Convention to be held in Singapore on 7 August 2019.
- Forty-six countries, including the world’s two largest economies, the United States and China, and three of the four largest economies in Asia, China, India and South Korea, signed the Convention on the day it opened for signature, while another 24 countries attended the
signing ceremony to show their support for the Convention. Subsequently, more countries signed the Convention.
- In February 2020, the Singapore Parliament passed the Singapore Convention on Mediation Act 2020 (“the Act”). The introduction of the Act, which gives effect to the Convention, is a significant step in Singapore’s efforts to strengthen its international commercial dispute resolution framework.
Mr Edwin Tong, SC, then-Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Law and Ministry of Health (currently Minister for Culture, Community and Youth and Second Minister for Law), at the UN Headquarters in New York for a handover ceremony of Singapore’s instrument of ratification with the Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and UN Legal Counsel, Mr Miguel de Serpa Soares, and the Acting Chief of the UN Treaty Section, Mr David Nanopoulos, observing.
On 25 February 2020 , Singapore and Fiji became the first two countries to deposit their respective instruments of ratification of the Convention at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
With the deposit on 12 March 2020 of the third instrument of ratification by Qatar, the Convention entered into force on 12 September 2020.